Talianki overview
Modern name(s) Talianki
Region Europe
Section Eastern Europe
Latitude 48.80551655 N suggest info
Longitude 30.5530823 E
Status Imprecise
Info Talianki was the location of the largest known settlement of the Neolithic Cucuteni-Trypillian culture, encompassing about 450 hectares (1112 acres), and laid out in an oval design of concentric rows of interconnected buildings, and measuring 3.5 kilometers (2.2 miles) long by 1.1 kilometers (0.7 miles) wide. This settlement, which is located along the H-16 highway between Talianki and the village of Legedzine, is built across a bluff that rises between where the Tal'ianki River and a tributary stream flow together. Dating from 3700 B.C., and at its height having over 15,000 inhabitants, this settlement's size was staggering, making it one of the largest in the world during the time it flourished, as well as the largest settlement in Neolithic Europe.

The ancient settlement was discovered in the 1970s by a Ukrainian pilot who, in his spare time, flew over the country taking infrared photographs from a small plane. After developing these photos, the Talianki and other Cucuteni-Trypillian sites became noticeable due to the differences in heat waves emanating from the soil that covered the ruins in contrast to the surrounding ground. In 1981 the archaeologist V. Kruts began excavation of the site. The results eventually led to the determination that the Talianki settlement contained the remains of 2700 structures, some of which were truly immense, measuring 300 to up to 600 meters in length (980 to 1970 feet) and containing many rooms. Many of the buildings that were examined were two-storeys high. The walls and ceilings of the structures were decorated with red and black designs, reminiscent of similar designs that were found painted on the famous Cucuteni-Trypillian pottery, which along with ceramic figurines, were also found at this site. Further excavations have yielded even more artifacts, making this one of the richest sites in Neolithic Europe.

Built on top of the older Cucuteni-Trypillian settlement are the remains of some Yamna culture tumuli (burial mounds) dating to the middle of the 3rd Millennium B.C. as well as some later graves from the late Bronze Age.
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48.805517, 30.553082 === 48.805517 N, 30.553082 E === 48° 48' 19.9" N, 30° 33' 11.1" E
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Nearest sites Maydanets, circa 10.8 km (6.7 mi) east
Borysthenes, circa 253.5 km (157.5 mi) south
Olbia, Parutino, Parutyne, circa 255.7 km (158.9 mi) south-east
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Nikonion, circa 291.7 km (181.2 mi) south
Aliobrix, Kartal, Orlivka, circa 419.5 km (260.7 mi) south-west
Noviodunum ad Istrum, Isaccea, circa 423 km (262.8 mi) south-west
Halmyris, circa 432.8 km (268.9 mi) south
Istros, Histria, circa 492.5 km (306 mi) south-west
Nogai, Prymorsk, circa 491.3 km (305.3 mi) east
Carsium, Hârsova, circa 499.5 km (310.4 mi) south-west
Tomis, Constantia, Constanta, circa 535.1 km (332.5 mi) south
Database ID 1612, created 8 Oct 2010, 19:30, Last changed 10 Apr 2011, 01:47