Kition overview
Other name(s) Citium
Modern name(s) Larnaca
Region Mediterranean
Section Cyprus
Latitude 34.92320116 N suggest info
Longitude 33.63051684 E
Status Accurate location
Info Founded by Greeks (Mycenaean-Achaeans) in the 14th century BCE and was known as Kition. The biblical name Kittim, though derived from Citium, was generally used for Cyprus as a whole and occasionally by the Jews for the Greeks and Romans. Larnaca is colloquially known as "Skala" meaning "ladder" or "landing stage", referring to the town's status in history as an important port.

Like most Cypriote cities, Kition belonged to the Persian or Achaemenid Empire. In 450 BCE, the Athenian general Cimon, died at sea defending the city of Citium in a major battle with the Persians. On his deathbed, he urged his officers to conceal his death from both their allies and the Persians. The quote "Even in death he was victorious" refers to Kimon. A statue of "Kimon the Athenian" stands proudly on the sea front promenade of modern Larnaca.
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34.923201, 33.630517 === 34.923201 N, 33.630517 E === 34° 55' 23.5" N, 33° 37' 49.9" E
Nearest sites Hala Sultan Teke, circa 4.7 km (2.9 mi) south-west
Idalion, Ediil, Dali, circa 21.5 km (13.4 mi) north-west
Enkomi, Alasia, circa 34.7 km (21.6 mi) north-east
Leukosia, Nicosia, circa 37.1 km (23 mi) north-west
Silluwa, Salamis, Konstanteia, circa 37.7 km (23.4 mi) north-east
Arsinoe, circa 36.1 km (22.5 mi) north-east
Temesi, Tamassos, circa 37.1 km (23.1 mi) west
Kyrenia, circa 54 km (33.5 mi) north-west
Amathus, circa 50.3 km (31.2 mi) south-west
Kourion (East), Kuri, Episkopi, circa 73.9 km (45.9 mi) west
Kourion (West), Kuri, Episkopi, circa 75.3 km (46.8 mi) west
Soloi, Soli, circa 78.4 km (48.7 mi) west
Vouni, circa 82.3 km (51.2 mi) west
Geronisos, Yeronisos, circa 120.2 km (74.7 mi) west
Paphos, circa 113.1 km (70.3 mi) west
Paphos, necropolis, circa 113 km (70.2 mi) west
Anemourion, Anamur, circa 143.4 km (89.1 mi) north-west
Seleukia, Silifke Kalesi, circa 163.7 km (101.7 mi) north
Kilise Tepe, circa 175.7 km (109.2 mi) north
Elauissa-sebaste, circa 180.3 km (112 mi) north
≫ more...
Database ID 572, created 6 Jun 2008, 09:06, Last changed 2 May 2012, 22:29