El Paraiso overview
Modern name(s) El Paraiso
Region Latin America : Settlements
Section South America
Latitude 11.9539269 S suggest info
Longitude 77.11843261 W
Status Accurate location
Info Architectural complex of the Andean Preceramic and Late Archaic periods of ancient Peru. It is also called the Temple of Chuquitanta. It covers an area of approximately 50 hectares and is located in the valley of Chillon.

It was inhabited at the end of the Late Archaic period. It is contemporary with the Temple of the Crossed Hands Kotosh in Huánuco, and with the final phase of Caral-Supe.

It is an enormous stone and mud architecture composed of eight or nine buildings covering an area of approximately 50 hectares. Unit 1 is known by the name of Paradise, which was studied and reconstructed by Engel. The other units, which form mounds have not yet been subjected to research.

The Paradise was built with stones taken from a nearby quarry. There are walls up to 2.40 m. wide, with two faces of flat blocks. Like other buildings of the time, one feature was the use of large shicras, ie networks or vegetable fiber bags filled with stones, used as filler. All walls were plastered together with mud and possibly received a painting application, judging by the remains of ocher pigments, white and red.

The building, with its many compartments, doors and stairs access high, is seated on platforms, giving it a pyramidal appearance.

Engel assumed that Paradise was rebuilt five to six times in the span of about 200 years, and left during the last reconstruction. In here you will find evidence of houses, but has not determined the extent of the town when the building was in effect. No pottery but of cotton and vegetable fiber baskets, shicras calls. They also found five human burials wrapped in cotton sheets.

Its design reveals ceremonial activities, especially in the area known as the main room, where you see a large rectangular pool with a well or colca in each of its corners. The floor framed by the rectangle is completely charred, suggesting that the offerings were burned.
general info
Investigated between 1965 and 1966 by the Swiss archaeologist Frédéric Engel.
time frame from circa 2300 BCE to circa 1400 BCE
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-11.953927, -77.118433 === 11.953927 S, 77.118433 W === 11° 57' 14.1" S, 77° 7' 6.4" W
Web El Paraiso at Wikipedia
Nearest sites Wak'a Wallamarka, Wak'a Pan de AzĂșcar, Huaca Huallamarca, circa 18.1 km (11.2 mi) south-east
Puruchuco, circa 22.5 km (14 mi) south-east
Pachacámac, circa 41.2 km (25.6 mi) south-east
Caral, Caral-Supe, circa 125.9 km (78.3 mi) north
Chavín de Huántar, circa 262.5 km (163.1 mi) north
Acaray, C, circa 109.2 km (67.8 mi) north-west
Acaray, B, circa 109.3 km (67.9 mi) north-west
Acaray, A, circa 109.3 km (67.9 mi) north-west
Piramide de la Galeria at Caral, circa 125.8 km (78.1 mi) north
Piramide de la Huanca at Caral, circa 125.8 km (78.2 mi) north
Piramide Menor at Caral, circa 126 km (78.3 mi) north
Piramide de la Cantera at Caral, circa 126.1 km (78.3 mi) north
Piramde Mayor at Caral, circa 126.2 km (78.4 mi) north
Piramide Central at Caral, circa 126.2 km (78.4 mi) north
Casma, circa 300 km (186.4 mi) north-west
Las Haldas, circa 281.5 km (174.9 mi) north-west
Aspero, circa 143.7 km (89.3 mi) north-west
Paramonga, circa 164.7 km (102.3 mi) north-west
Tunanmarka, Tunanmarca, circa 167.4 km (104 mi) east
Huaricanga, circa 176.3 km (109.5 mi) north-west
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Database ID 727, created 16 Feb 2013, 10:27, Last changed 4 Jul 2013, 19:38