Mende overview
Region Aegean
Latitude 40.46756741 N suggest info
Longitude 23.37481116 E
Status Accurate location
Info Mende was probably built during the 9th century BCE by Eretrian colonists. The city owes its name to the plant minthe, a species of mint that still sprouts in the area. The large quantities of lumber that produced, the silver, gold and lead mines that possessed led Mende in rapid development and from the 6th century BCE was one of the cities that controlled trade routes in the coast of Thrace with confirmed dealings even to the Greek colonies in Italy, specially cause the exports of the famous local wine Mendaeos oinos.

During the 5th century BCE, Mende became one of the most important allies to Athens by participating in the Delian League paying a tax that varied from six up to fifteen Attic talents per year. However, in 423 BCE managed to acquire its sovereign, nevertheless this situation did not last long for the Athenians quickly suppressed the revolt. During the Peloponnesian War, Mende, Toroni and Skione were the main goals of the two combattants, Athenians and Spartans, in the area, specially after Brasidas,the Spartan general, raised an army of allies and helots and went for the sources of Athenian power in north Greece in 424 BCE. After the end of the war, Mende reacquired its independence.

The city tried to avoid Olynthian rule in the 4th century BCE, when the Chalkidician League was established and later the Macedonian hegemony, but in 315 BCE its population, among with other Chalkidicians, was forced to resettle in Cassandreia, after this new city was built were Poteidaea stood by king Cassander.

In Mende was born the sculptor Paeonius who made the statue of Nike which was put on top of the victory pillar in Olympia, and is presented in the Archaeological Museum of Olympia.
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40.467567, 23.374811 === 40.467567 N, 23.374811 E === 40° 28' 3.2" N, 23° 22' 29.3" E
Sources
Ancient Cities DataBase
A website for collecting general information about cities and towns that were founded before 400 AD
Nearest sites Olynthos, circa 19.1 km (11.9 mi) south
Apollonia of Mygdonia, circa 21.2 km (13.2 mi) north-east
Potidaia, Potidaea, circa 30.5 km (18.9 mi) south
Thessalonica, Salonika, Salonica, Thessaloniki, circa 40.4 km (25.1 mi) west
Acanthos, circa 44.2 km (27.5 mi) east
Stageira, circa 38.1 km (23.7 mi) east
Neapolis, Polychrono, circa 51.9 km (32.3 mi) south
Amphipolis, circa 55.9 km (34.7 mi) north-east
Palatianon, Palatiano, circa 85.2 km (52.9 mi) north-west
Aeges, circa 89 km (55.3 mi) west
Pella, circa 79 km (49.1 mi) west
Dion, circa 81.6 km (50.7 mi) west
Philippi, circa 97.6 km (60.7 mi) north-east
Vergina, circa 89 km (55.3 mi) west
Temple of Herakles, circa 118.5 km (73.6 mi) east
Olympos, circa 97 km (60.3 mi) west
Paroikopolis, Parthikopolis, Paroecopolis, Sandansk, circa 121.8 km (75.7 mi) north
Dimini, circa 129.6 km (80.5 mi) south-west
Neapolis, circa 102.1 km (63.4 mi) north-east
Demetrias, circa 130.8 km (81.3 mi) south
≫ more...
Database ID 7472, created 4 May 2012, 20:00, Last changed 4 May 2012, 20:00