Šapinuwa overview
Other name(s) Apinuwa, Shapinuwa
Modern name(s) Ortaköy
Region Anatolia
Latitude 40.25319776 N suggest info
Longitude 35.23750339 E
Status Accurate location
Info Sapinuwa was a Bronze Age Hittite city at the location of modern Ortaköy in Turkey. It was one of the major Hittite religious and administrative centres, a military base and an occasional residence of several Hittite kings. The palace at Sapinuwa is discussed in several texts from Hattusa.
general info
Ortaköy was identified as the site of ancient Sapinuwa during a survey in 1989, and Ankara University quickly obtained permission from the Ministry of Culture to begin excavation. This commenced in the following year. Building A was excavated first, and then Building B in 1995. The building with the Yazilikaya-style orthostate and 14th century BC charcoal was excavated after 2000. Aygül Sühel has been the head of excavations at this site, from 1996 to at least 2002.

In the first excavated region was a Cyclopean-walled building dubbed "Building A". Building A has yielded 3000 tablets and fragments. They were stored in three separate archives on an upper floor, which collapsed when the building was burnt.

At Kadilar Hoyuk, 150 metres southeast of Building A, "Building B" has proven to be a depot filled with earthenware jars. Another building features an "orthostat that looks like the relief of Tudhaliyas at Yazilikaya".
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40.253198, 35.237503 === 40.253198 N, 35.237503 E === 40° 15' 11.5" N, 35° 14' 15.0" E
Nearest sites Kerkenes, circa 57.9 km (36 mi) south
Oluz Höyük, circa 46.4 km (28.8 mi) north-east
Toptepe, circa 43.6 km (27.1 mi) north-west
Eskiyapar Höyügü, circa 40.9 km (25.4 mi) west
Çadir Höyük, circa 64.6 km (40.1 mi) south
Ankuwa, Alisar Hüyük, circa 72 km (44.7 mi) south
Hattusa, circa 59.1 km (36.7 mi) west
Tapikka, Tapigga, Tabigga, Masat Höyük, circa 46.1 km (28.6 mi) east
Alacahöyük, circa 46.1 km (28.6 mi) west
Yogurtçu Baba Höyük, circa 63.5 km (39.4 mi) north-east
Karayakup Höyügü, circa 78.5 km (48.8 mi) south
Yazilikaya, circa 57.3 km (35.6 mi) west
Zela, Zile, circa 55.7 km (34.6 mi) east
Tawiniya, Tavium, Büyüknefes, circa 76.2 km (47.3 mi) south-west
Taslihöyük, circa 72.3 km (44.9 mi) east
Narak, Nerikka, Nerik, Oymaagaç Höyük, circa 107.4 km (66.7 mi) north
Çepni Höyük, circa 98.8 km (61.4 mi) south-west
Büyük Garipli Höyügü, circa 128.8 km (80 mi) south-west
Garipli Höyügü, circa 129.8 km (80.7 mi) south-west
Hashöyük, circa 126.6 km (78.6 mi) south-west
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Database ID 3512, created 5 Apr 2011, 20:14, Last changed 6 May 2014, 22:05